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svn commit: r1871201 [17/17] - in /spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x: ./ doc/
Added: spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamc.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamc.txt?rev=1871201&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamc.txt (added)
+++ spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamc.txt Wed Dec 11 22:18:49 2019
@@ -0,0 +1,300 @@
+NAME
+ spamc - client for spamd
+
+SYNOPSIS
+ spamc [options] < message
+
+DESCRIPTION
+ Spamc is the client half of the spamc/spamd pair. It should be used in
+ place of "spamassassin" in scripts to process mail. It will read the
+ mail from STDIN, and spool it to its connection to spamd, then read the
+ result back and print it to STDOUT. Spamc has extremely low overhead in
+ loading, so it should be much faster to load than the whole spamassassin
+ program.
+
+ See the README file in the spamd directory of the SpamAssassin
+ distribution for more details.
+
+OPTIONS
+ All options detailed below can be passed as command line arguments, or
+ be contained in a configuration file, as described in the CONFIGURATION
+ FILE section below.
+
+ Note that the long options, a la "--long-options", are new as of
+ SpamAssassin 3.2.0, and were not available in earlier versions.
+
+ -B, --bsmtp
+ Assume input is a single BSMTP-formatted message. In other words,
+ spamc will pull out everything between the DATA line and the
+ lone-dot line to feed to spamd, and will place the spamd output back
+ in the same envelope (thus, any SIZE extension in your BSMTP file
+ will cause many problems).
+
+ -c, --check
+ Just check if the message is spam or not. Set process exitcode to 1
+ if message is spam, 0 if not spam or processing failure occurs. Will
+ print score/threshold to stdout (as ints) or 0/0 if there was an
+ error. Combining -c and -E is a no-op, since -c implies the
+ behaviour of -E.
+
+ -d *host[,host2]*, --dest=*host[,host2]*
+ In TCP/IP mode, connect to spamd server on given host (default:
+ localhost). Several hosts can be specified if separated by commas.
+
+ If *host* resolves to multiple addresses, then spamc will fail-over
+ to the other addresses, if the first one cannot be connected to. It
+ will first try all addresses of one host before it tries the next
+ one in the list. Note that this fail-over behaviour is incompatible
+ with -x; if that switch is used, fail-over will not occur.
+
+ -4 Use IPv4 only for connecting to server. Restricts domain name
+ resolution of spamd server host(s) to address family AF_INET through
+ the "hints.ai_family" flag in the call to getaddrinfo(3).
+
+ -6 Use IPv6 only for connecting to server. Restricts domain name
+ resolution of spamd server host(s) to address family AF_INET6
+ through the "hints.ai_family" flag in the call to getaddrinfo(3).
+
+ -e *command* *[args]*, --pipe-to *command* *[args]*
+ Instead of writing to stdout, pipe the output to *command*'s
+ standard input. Note that there is a very slight chance mail will be
+ lost here, because if the fork-and-exec fails there's no place to
+ put the mail message.
+
+ Note that this must be the LAST command line option, as everything
+ after the -e is taken as arguments to the command (it's like *rxvt*
+ or *xterm*).
+
+ This option is not supported on Win32 platforms.
+
+ -E, --exitcode
+ Filter according to the other options, but set the process exitcode
+ to 1 if message is spam, 0 if not spam or processing failure occurs.
+
+ -F */path/to/file*, --config=*path*
+ Specify a configuration file to read additional command-line flags
+ from. See CONFIGURATION FILE below.
+
+ -h, --help
+ Print this help message and terminate without action.
+
+ -H, --randomize
+ For TCP/IP sockets, randomize the IP addresses returned for the
+ hosts given by the -d switch. This provides for a simple kind of
+ load balancing. It will try only three times though.
+
+ -l, --log-to-stderr
+ Send log messages to stderr, instead of to the syslog.
+
+ -L *learn type*, --learntype=*type*
+ Send message to spamd for learning. The "learn type" can be either
+ spam, ham or forget. The exitcode for spamc will be set to 5 if the
+ message was learned, or 6 if it was already learned, under a
+ condition that a --no-safe-fallback option is selected too.
+
+ Note that the "spamd" must run with the "--allow-tell" option for
+ this to work.
+
+ -C *report type*, --reporttype=*type*
+ Report or revoke a message to one of the configured collaborative
+ filtering databases. The "report type" can be either report or
+ revoke.
+
+ Note that the "spamd" must run with the "--allow-tell" option for
+ this to work.
+
+ -p *port*, --port=*port*
+ In TCP/IP mode, connect to spamd server listening on given port
+ (default: 783).
+
+ -r, --full-spam
+ Just output the SpamAssassin report text to stdout, if the message
+ is spam. If the message is ham (non-spam), nothing will be printed.
+ The first line of the output is the message score and the threshold,
+ in this format:
+
+ score/threshold
+
+ -R, --full
+ Just output the SpamAssassin report text to stdout, for all
+ messages. See -r for details of the output format used.
+
+ -s *max_size*, --max-size=*max_size*
+ Set the maximum message size which will be sent to spamd -- any
+ bigger than this threshold and the message will be returned
+ unprocessed (default: 500 KB). If spamc gets handed a message bigger
+ than this, it won't be passed to spamd. The maximum message size is
+ 256 MB.
+
+ The size is specified in bytes, as a positive integer greater than
+ 0. For example, -s 500000.
+
+ --connect-retries=*retries*
+ Retry connecting to spamd *retries* times. The default is 3 times.
+
+ --retry-sleep=*sleep*
+ Sleep for *sleep* seconds between attempts to connect to spamd. The
+ default is 1 second.
+
+ --filter-retries=*retries*
+ Retry filtering *retries* times if the spamd process fails (usually
+ times out). This differs from --connect-retries in that it times out
+ the transaction after the TCP connection has been established
+ successfully. The default is 1 time (ie. one attempt and no
+ retries).
+
+ --filter-retry-sleep=*sleep*
+ Sleep for *sleep* seconds between failed spamd filtering attempts.
+ The default is 1 second.
+
+ -S, --ssl, --ssl
+ If spamc was built with support for SSL, encrypt data to and from
+ the spamd process with SSL; spamd must support SSL as well.
+
+ -t *timeout*, --timeout=*timeout*
+ Set the timeout for spamc-to-spamd communications (default: 600, 0
+ disables). If spamd takes longer than this many seconds to reply to
+ a message, spamc will abort the connection and treat this as a
+ failure to connect; in other words the message will be returned
+ unprocessed.
+
+ -n *timeout*, --connect-timeout=*timeout*
+ Set the timeout for spamc-to-spamd connection establishment
+ (default: 600, 0 disables). If spamc takes longer than this many
+ seconds to establish a connection to spamd, spamc will abort the
+ connection and treat this as a failure to connect; in other words
+ the message will be returned unprocessed.
+
+ -u *username*, --username=*username*
+ To have spamd use per-user-config files, run spamc as the user whose
+ config files spamd should load; by default the effective user-ID is
+ sent to spamd. If you're running spamc as some other user, though,
+ (eg. root, mail, nobody, cyrus, etc.) then you may use this flag to
+ override the default.
+
+ -U *socketpath*, --socket=*path*
+ Connect to "spamd" via UNIX domain socket *socketpath* instead of a
+ TCP/IP connection.
+
+ This option is not supported on Win32 platforms.
+
+ -V, --version
+ Report the version of this "spamc" client. If built with SSL
+ support, an additional line will be included noting this, like so:
+
+ SpamAssassin Client version 3.0.0-rc4
+ compiled with SSL support (OpenSSL 0.9.7d 17 Mar 2004)
+
+ -x, --no-safe-fallback
+ Disables the 'safe fallback' error-recovery method, which passes
+ through the unaltered message if an error occurs. Instead, exit with
+ an error code, and let the MTA queue up the mails for a retry later.
+ See also "EXIT CODES".
+
+ This also disables the TCP fail-over behaviour from -d.
+
+ -X, --unavailable-tempfail
+ When disabling 'safe fallback' with -x, this option will turn
+ EX_UNAVAILABLE errors into EX_TEMPFAIL. This may allow your MTA to
+ defer mails with a temporary SMTP error instead of bouncing them
+ with a permanent SMTP error. See also "EXIT CODES".
+
+ -y, --tests
+ Just output the names of the tests hit to stdout, on one line,
+ separated by commas.
+
+ -K Perform a keep-alive check of spamd, instead of a full message
+ check.
+
+ -z Use gzip compression to compress the mail message sent to "spamd".
+ This is useful for long-distance use of spamc over the internet.
+ Note that this relies on "zlib" being installed on the "spamc"
+ client side, and the "Compress::Zlib" perl module on the server
+ side; an error will be returned otherwise.
+
+ --headers
+ Perform a scan, but instead of allowing any part of the message
+ (header and body) to be rewritten, limit rewriting to only the
+ message headers. This is much more efficient in bandwidth usage,
+ since the response message transmitted back from the spamd server
+ will not include the body.
+
+ Note that this only makes sense if you are using "report_safe 0" in
+ the scanning configuration on the remote end; with "report_safe 1",
+ it is likely to result in corrupt messages.
+
+CONFIGURATION FILE
+ The above command-line switches can also be loaded from a configuration
+ file.
+
+ The format of the file is similar to the SpamAssassin rules files; blank
+ lines and lines beginning with "#" are ignored. Any space-separated
+ words are considered additions to the command line, and are prepended.
+ Newlines are treated as equivalent to spaces. Existing command line
+ switches will override any settings in the configuration file.
+
+ If the -F switch is specified, that file will be used. Otherwise,
+ "spamc" will attempt to load spamc.conf in "SYSCONFDIR" (default:
+ /etc/mail/spamassassin). If that file doesn't exist, and the -F switch
+ is not specified, no configuration file will be read.
+
+ Example:
+
+ # spamc global configuration file
+
+ # connect to "server.example.com", port 783
+ -d server.example.com
+ -p 783
+
+ # max message size for scanning = 350k
+ -s 350000
+
+EXIT CODES
+ By default, spamc will use the 'safe fallback' error recovery method.
+ That means, it will always exit with an exit code of 0, even if an error
+ was encountered. If any error occurs, it will simply pass through the
+ unaltered message.
+
+ The -c and -E options modify this; instead, spamc will use an exit code
+ of 1 if the message is determined to be spam.
+
+ If one of the "-x", "-L" or "-C" options are specified, 'safe fallback'
+ will be disabled, and certain error conditions related to communication
+ between spamc and spamd will result in an error code.
+
+ The exit codes used are as follows:
+
+ EX_USAGE 64 command line usage error
+ EX_DATAERR 65 data format error
+ EX_NOINPUT 66 cannot open input
+ EX_NOUSER 67 addressee unknown
+ EX_NOHOST 68 host name unknown
+ EX_UNAVAILABLE 69 service unavailable
+ EX_SOFTWARE 70 internal software error
+ EX_OSERR 71 system error (e.g., can't fork)
+ EX_OSFILE 72 critical OS file missing
+ EX_CANTCREAT 73 can't create (user) output file
+ EX_IOERR 74 input/output error
+ EX_TEMPFAIL 75 temp failure; user is invited to retry
+ EX_PROTOCOL 76 remote error in protocol
+ EX_NOPERM 77 permission denied
+ EX_CONFIG 78 configuration error
+
+ * The EX_TOOBIG error level is never used. If spamc receives a message
+ that is too big, the exit code will be 0.
+
+ EX_TOOBIG 98 message was too big to process (see --max-size)
+
+SEE ALSO
+ spamd(1) spamassassin(1) Mail::SpamAssassin(3)
+
+PREREQUISITES
+ "Mail::SpamAssassin"
+
+AUTHORS
+ The SpamAssassin(tm) Project <https://spamassassin.apache.org/>
+
+COPYRIGHT
+ SpamAssassin is distributed under the Apache License, Version 2.0, as
+ described in the file "LICENSE" included with the distribution.
+

Added: spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamd.html
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamd.html?rev=1871201&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamd.html (added)
+++ spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamd.html Wed Dec 11 22:18:49 2019
@@ -0,0 +1,539 @@
+<?xml version="1.0" ?>
+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
+<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
+<head>
+<title></title>
+<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
+<link rev="made" href="mailto:root@localhost" />
+</head>
+
+<body style="background-color: white">
+
+
+
+<ul id="index">
+ <li><a href="#NAME">NAME</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#SYNOPSIS">SYNOPSIS</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#DESCRIPTION">DESCRIPTION</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#OPTIONS">OPTIONS</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#SEE-ALSO">SEE ALSO</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#PREREQUISITES">PREREQUISITES</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#AUTHORS">AUTHORS</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#LICENSE">LICENSE</a></li>
+</ul>
+
+<h1 id="NAME">NAME</h1>
+
+<p>spamd - daemonized version of spamassassin</p>
+
+<h1 id="SYNOPSIS">SYNOPSIS</h1>
+
+<p>spamd [options]</p>
+
+<p>Options:</p>
+
+<pre><code> -l, --allow-tell Allow learning/reporting
+ -c, --create-prefs Create user preferences files
+ -C path, --configpath=path Path for default config files
+ --siteconfigpath=path Path for site configs
+ --cf=&#39;config line&#39; Additional line of configuration
+ -d, --daemonize Daemonize
+ -h, --help Print usage message
+ -i [ip_or_name[:port]], --listen=[ip_or_name[:port]] Listen on IP addr and port
+ -p port, --port=port Listen on specified port, may be overridden by -i
+ -4, --ipv4-only, --ipv4 Use IPv4 where applicable, disables IPv6
+ -6 Use IPv6 where applicable, disables IPv4
+ -A host,..., --allowed-ips=..,.. Restrict to IP addresses which can connect
+ -m num, --max-children=num Allow maximum num children
+ --min-children=num Allow minimum num children
+ --min-spare=num Lower limit for number of spare children
+ --max-spare=num Upper limit for number of spare children
+ --max-conn-per-child=num Maximum connections accepted by child
+ before it is respawned
+ --round-robin Use traditional prefork algorithm
+ --timeout-tcp=secs Connection timeout for client headers
+ --timeout-child=secs Connection timeout for message checks
+ -q, --sql-config Enable SQL config (needs -x)
+ -Q, --setuid-with-sql Enable SQL config (needs -x,
+ enables use of -H)
+ --ldap-config Enable LDAP config (needs -x)
+ --setuid-with-ldap Enable LDAP config (needs -x,
+ enables use of -H)
+ --virtual-config-dir=dir Enable pattern based Virtual configs
+ (needs -x)
+ -r pidfile, --pidfile Write the process id to pidfile
+ -s facility, --syslog=facility Specify the syslog facility
+ --syslog-socket=type How to connect to syslogd
+ --log-timestamp-fmt=fmt strftime(3) format for timestamps, may be
+ empty to disable timestamps, or &#39;default&#39;
+ -u username, --username=username Run as username
+ -g groupname, --groupname=groupname Run as groupname
+ -v, --vpopmail Enable vpopmail config
+ -x, --nouser-config Disable user config files
+ --auth-ident Use ident to identify spamc user (deprecated)
+ --ident-timeout=timeout Timeout for ident connections
+ -D, --debug[=areas] Print debugging messages (for areas)
+ -L, --local Use local tests only (no DNS)
+ -P, --paranoid Die upon user errors
+ -H [dir], --helper-home-dir[=dir] Specify a different HOME directory
+ --ssl Enable SSL on TCP connections
+ --ssl-port port Override --port setting for SSL connections
+ --server-key keyfile Specify an SSL keyfile
+ --server-cert certfile Specify an SSL certificate
+ --socketpath=path Listen on a given UNIX domain socket
+ --socketowner=name Set UNIX domain socket file&#39;s owner
+ --socketgroup=name Set UNIX domain socket file&#39;s group
+ --socketmode=mode Set UNIX domain socket file&#39;s mode
+ --timing Enable timing and logging
+ -V, --version Print version and exit</code></pre>
+
+<p>The --listen option (or -i) may be specified multiple times, its syntax is: [ ssl: ] [ host-name-or-IP-address ] [ : port ] or an absolute path (filename) of a Unix socket. If port is omitted it defaults to --port or to 783. Option --ssl implies a prefix &#39;ssl:&#39;. An IPv6 address should be enclosed in square brackets, e.g. [::1]:783, an IPv4 address may be but need not be enclosed in square brackets. An asterisk &#39;*&#39; in place of a hostname implies an unspecified address, (&#39;0.0.0.0&#39; or &#39;::&#39;), i.e. it binds to all interfaces. An empty option value implies &#39;*&#39;. A default is &#39;--listen localhost&#39;, which binds to a loopback interface only.</p>
+
+<h1 id="DESCRIPTION">DESCRIPTION</h1>
+
+<p>The purpose of this program is to provide a daemonized version of the spamassassin executable. The goal is improving throughput performance for automated mail checking.</p>
+
+<p>This is intended to be used alongside <code>spamc</code>, a fast, low-overhead C client program.</p>
+
+<p>See the README file in the <code>spamd</code> directory of the SpamAssassin distribution for more details.</p>
+
+<p>Note: Although <code>spamd</code> will check per-user config files for every message, any changes to the system-wide config files will require either restarting spamd or forcing it to reload itself via <b>SIGHUP</b> for the changes to take effect.</p>
+
+<p>Note: If <code>spamd</code> receives a <b>SIGHUP</b>, it internally reloads itself, which means that it will change its pid and might not restart at all if its environment changed (ie. if it can&#39;t change back into its own directory). If you plan to use <b>SIGHUP</b>, you should always start <code>spamd</code> with the <b>-r</b> switch to know its current pid.</p>
+
+<h1 id="OPTIONS">OPTIONS</h1>
+
+<p>Options of the long form can be shortened as long as they remain unambiguous. (i.e. <b>--dae</b> can be used instead of <b>--daemonize</b>) Also, boolean options (like <b>--user-config</b>) can be negated by adding <i>no</i> (<b>--nouser-config</b>), however, this is usually unnecessary.</p>
+
+<dl>
+
+<dt id="l---allow-tell"><b>-l</b>, <b>--allow-tell</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Allow learning and forgetting (to a local Bayes database), reporting and revoking (to a remote database) by spamd. The client issues a TELL command to tell what type of message is being processed and whether local (learn/forget) or remote (report/revoke) databases should be updated.</p>
+
+<p>Note that spamd always trusts the username passed in (unless <b>--auth-ident</b> is used) so clients could maliciously learn messages for other users. (This is not usually a concern with an SQL Bayes store as users will typically have read-write access directly to the database, and can also use <code>sa-learn</code> with the <b>-u</b> option to achieve the same result.)</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="c---create-prefs"><b>-c</b>, <b>--create-prefs</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Create user preferences files if they don&#39;t exist (default: don&#39;t).</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="C-path---configpath-path"><b>-C</b> <i>path</i>, <b>--configpath</b>=<i>path</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Use the specified path for locating the distributed configuration files. Ignore the default directories (usually <code>/usr/share/spamassassin</code> or similar).</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="siteconfigpath-path"><b>--siteconfigpath</b>=<i>path</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Use the specified path for locating site-specific configuration files. Ignore the default directories (usually <code>/etc/mail/spamassassin</code> or similar).</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="cf-config-line"><b>--cf=&#39;config line&#39;</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Add additional lines of configuration directly from the command-line, parsed after the configuration files are read. Multiple <b>--cf</b> arguments can be used, and each will be considered a separate line of configuration.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="d---daemonize"><b>-d</b>, <b>--daemonize</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Detach from starting process and run in background (daemonize).</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="h---help"><b>-h</b>, <b>--help</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Print a brief help message, then exit without further action.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="V---version"><b>-V</b>, <b>--version</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Print version information, then exit without further action.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="i-ipaddress-:port---listen-ipaddress-:port"><b>-i</b> [<i>ipaddress</i>[:&lt;port&gt;]], <b>--listen</b>[=<i>ipaddress</i>[:&lt;port&gt;]]</dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Additional alias names for this option are --listen-ip and --ip-address. Tells spamd to listen on the specified IP address, defaults to a loopback interface, i.e. <code>--listen localhost</code>). If no value is specified after the switch, or if an asterisk &#39;*&#39; stands in place of an &lt;ipaddress&gt;, spamd will listen on all interfaces - this is equivalent to address &#39;0.0.0.0&#39; for IPv4 and to &#39;::&#39; for IPv6. You can also use a valid hostname which will make spamd listen on all addresses that a name resolves to. The option may be specified multiple times. See also options -4 and -6 for restricting address family to IPv4 or to IPv6. If a port is specified it overrides for this socket the global --port (and --ssl-port) setting. An IPv6 addresses should be enclosed in square brackets, e.g. [::1]:783. For compatibility square brackets on an IPv6 address may be omitted if a port number specification is also omitted.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="p-port---port-port"><b>-p</b> <i>port</i>, <b>--port</b>=<i>port</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Optionally specifies the port number for the server to listen on (default: 783).</p>
+
+<p>If the <b>--ssl</b> switch is used, and <b>--ssl-port</b> is not supplied, then this port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of unencrypted connections. If the <b>--ssl</b> switch is used, and <b>--ssl-port</b> is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on the <b>--port</b> at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted at <b>--ssl-port</b>.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="q---sql-config"><b>-q</b>, <b>--sql-config</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been disabled with <b>-x</b>. this is useful for spamd hosts which don&#39;t have user&#39;s home directories but do want to load user preferences from an SQL database.</p>
+
+<p>If your spamc client does not support sending the <code>User:</code> header, like <code>exiscan</code>, then the SQL username used will always be <b>nobody</b>.</p>
+
+<p>This inhibits the setuid() behavior, so the <code>-u</code> option is required. If you want the setuid() behaviour, use <code>-Q</code> or <code>--setuid-with-sql</code> instead.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="ldap-config"><b>--ldap-config</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Turn on LDAP lookups. This is completely analog to <code>--sql-config</code>, only it is using an LDAP server.</p>
+
+<p>Like <code>--sql-config</code>, this disables the setuid behavior, and requires <code>-u</code>. If you want it, use <code>--setuid-with-ldap</code> instead.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="Q---setuid-with-sql"><b>-Q</b>, <b>--setuid-with-sql</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been disabled with <b>-x</b> and also setuid to the user. This is useful for spamd hosts which want to load user preferences from an SQL database but also wish to support the use of <b>-H</b> (Helper home directories.)</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="setuid-with-ldap"><b>--setuid-with-ldap</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Turn on LDAP lookups even when per-user config files have been disabled with <b>-x</b> and also setuid to the user. This is again completely analog to <code>--setuid-with-sql</code>, only it is using an LDAP server.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="virtual-config-dir-pattern"><b>--virtual-config-dir</b>=<i>pattern</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>This option specifies where per-user preferences can be found for virtual users, for the <b>-x</b> switch. The <i>pattern</i> is used as a base pattern for the directory name. Any of the following escapes can be used:</p>
+
+<dl>
+
+<dt id="u----replaced-with-the-full-name-of-the-current-user-as-sent-by-spamc">%u -- replaced with the full name of the current user, as sent by spamc.</dt>
+<dd>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="l----replaced-with-the-local-part-of-the-current-username.-In-other-words-if-the-username-is-an-email-address-this-is-the-part-before-the-sign">%l -- replaced with the &#39;local part&#39; of the current username. In other words, if the username is an email address, this is the part before the <code>@</code> sign.</dt>
+<dd>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="d----replaced-with-the-domain-of-the-current-username.-In-other-words-if-the-username-is-an-email-address-this-is-the-part-after-the-sign">%d -- replaced with the &#39;domain&#39; of the current username. In other words, if the username is an email address, this is the part after the <code>@</code> sign.</dt>
+<dd>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="x----replaced-with-the-full-name-of-the-current-user-as-sent-by-spamc.-If-the-resulting-config-directory-does-not-exist-replace-with-the-domain-part-to-use-a-domain-wide-default">%x -- replaced with the full name of the current user, as sent by spamc. If the resulting config directory does not exist, replace with the domain part to use a domain-wide default.</dt>
+<dd>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="replaced-with-a-single-percent-sign">%% -- replaced with a single percent sign (%).</dt>
+<dd>
+
+</dd>
+</dl>
+
+<p>So for example, if <code>/vhome/users/%u/spamassassin</code> is specified, and spamc sends a virtual username of <code>jm@example.com</code>, the directory <code>/vhome/users/jm@example.com/spamassassin</code> will be used.</p>
+
+<p>The set of characters allowed in the virtual username for this path are restricted to:</p>
+
+<pre><code> A-Z a-z 0-9 - + _ . , @ =</code></pre>
+
+<p>All others will be replaced by underscores (<code>_</code>).</p>
+
+<p>This path must be a writable directory. It will be created if it does not already exist. If a file called <b>user_prefs</b> exists in this directory (note: <b>not</b> in a <code>.spamassassin</code> subdirectory!), it will be loaded as the user&#39;s preferences. The Bayes databases for that user will be stored in this directory.</p>
+
+<p>Note that this <b>requires</b> that <b>-x</b> is used, and cannot be combined with SQL- or LDAP-based configuration.</p>
+
+<p>The pattern <b>must</b> expand to an absolute directory when spamd is running daemonized (<b>-d</b>).</p>
+
+<p>Currently, use of this without <b>-u</b> is not supported. This inhibits setuid.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="r-pidfile---pidfile-pidfile"><b>-r</b> <i>pidfile</i>, <b>--pidfile</b>=<i>pidfile</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Write the process ID of the spamd parent to the file specified by <i>pidfile</i>. The file will be unlinked when the parent exits. Note that when running with the <b>-u</b> option, the file must be writable by that user.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="v---vpopmail"><b>-v</b>, <b>--vpopmail</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Enable vpopmail config. If specified with with <b>-u</b> set to the vpopmail user, this allows spamd to lookup/create user_prefs in the vpopmail user&#39;s own maildir. This option is useful for vpopmail virtual users who do not have an entry in the system /etc/passwd file.</p>
+
+<p>Currently, use of this without <b>-u</b> is not supported. This inhibits setuid.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="s-facility---syslog-facility"><b>-s</b> <i>facility</i>, <b>--syslog</b>=<i>facility</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Specify the syslog facility to use (default: mail). If <code>stderr</code> is specified, output will be written to stderr. (This is useful if you&#39;re running <code>spamd</code> under the <code>daemontools</code> package.) With a <i>facility</i> of <code>file</code>, all output goes to spamd.log. <i>facility</i> is interpreted as a file name to log to if it contains any characters except a-z and 0-9. <code>null</code> disables logging completely (used internally).</p>
+
+<p>Examples:</p>
+
+<pre><code> spamd -s mail # use syslog, facility mail (default)
+ spamd -s ./mail # log to file ./mail
+ spamd -s stderr 2&gt;/dev/null # log to stderr, throw messages away
+ spamd -s null # the same as above
+ spamd -s file # log to file ./spamd.log
+ spamd -s /var/log/spamd.log # log to file /var/log/spamd.log</code></pre>
+
+<p>If logging to a file is enabled and that log file is rotated, the spamd server must be restarted with a SIGHUP. (If the log file is just truncated, this is not needed but still recommended.)</p>
+
+<p>Note that logging to a file does not use locking, so you cannot intermix logging from spamd and other processes into the same file. If you want to mix logging like this, use syslog instead.</p>
+
+<p>If you use syslog logging, it is essential to send a SIGHUP to the spamd daemon when you restart the syslogd daemon. (This is due to a shortcoming in Perl&#39;s syslog handling, where the disappearance of the connection to the syslogd is considered a fatal error.)</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="syslog-socket-type"><b>--syslog-socket</b>=<i>type</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Specify how spamd should send messages to syslogd. The <i>type</i> can be any of the socket types or logging mechanisms as accepted by the subroutine Sys::Syslog::setlogsock(). Depending on a version of Sys::Syslog and on the underlying operating system, one of the following values (or their subset) can be used: <code>native</code>, <code>eventlog</code>, <code>tcp</code>, <code>udp</code>, <code>inet</code>, <code>unix</code>, <code>stream</code>, <code>pipe</code>, or <code>console</code>. The value <code>eventlog</code> is specific to Win32 events logger and requires a perl module Win32::EventLog to be installed. For more information please consult the Sys::Syslog documentation.</p>
+
+<p>A historical setting --syslog-socket=none is mapped to --syslog=stderr.</p>
+
+<p>A default for Windows platforms is <code>none</code>, otherwise the default is to try <code>unix</code> first, falling back to <code>inet</code> if perl detects errors in its <code>unix</code> support.</p>
+
+<p>Some platforms, or versions of perl, are shipped with old or dysfunctional versions of the <b>Sys::Syslog</b> module which do not support some socket types, so you may need to set this option explicitly. If you get error messages regarding <b>__PATH_LOG</b> or similar spamd, try changing this setting.</p>
+
+<p>The socket types <code>file</code> is used internally and should not be specified. Use the <code>-s</code> switch instead.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="log-timestamp-fmt-format"><b>--log-timestamp-fmt</b>=<i>format</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>The --log-timestamp-fmt option can provide a POSIX strftime(3) format for timestamps included in each logged message. Each logger (stderr, file, syslog) has its own default value for a timestamp format, which applies when --log-timestamp-fmt option is not given, or with --log-timestamp-fmt=default . Timestamps can be turned off by specifying an empty string with this option, e.g. --log-timestamp-fmt=&#39;&#39; or just --log-timestamp-fmt= . Typical use: --log-timestamp-fmt=&#39;%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Y&#39; (provides localized weekday and month names in the ctime(3) style), or &#39;%a, %e %b %Y %H:%M:%S %z (%Z)&#39; for a RFC 2822 format, or maybe &#39;%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S%z&#39; for an ISO 8601 (EN 28601) format, or just &#39;%Y%m%dT%H%M%S&#39; .</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="u-username---username-username"><b>-u</b> <i>username</i>, <b>--username</b>=<i>username</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Run as the named user. If this option is not set, the default behaviour is to setuid() to the user running <code>spamc</code>, if <code>spamd</code> is running as root.</p>
+
+<p>Note: &quot;--username=root&quot; is not a valid option. If specified, <code>spamd</code> will exit with a fatal error on startup.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="g-groupname---groupname-groupname"><b>-g</b> <i>groupname</i>, <b>--groupname</b>=<i>groupname</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Run as the named group if --username is being used. If this option is not set when --username is used then the primary group for the user given to --username is used.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="x---nouser-config---user-config"><b>-x</b>, <b>--nouser-config</b>, <b>--user-config</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Turn off (on) reading of per-user configuration files (user_prefs) from the user&#39;s home directory. The default behaviour is to read per-user configuration from the user&#39;s home directory (<b>--user-config</b>).</p>
+
+<p>This option does not disable or otherwise influence the SQL, LDAP or Virtual Config Dir settings.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="auth-ident"><b>--auth-ident</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Verify the username provided by spamc using ident. This is only useful if connections are only allowed from trusted hosts (because an identd that lies is trivial to create) and if spamc REALLY SHOULD be running as the user it represents. Connections are terminated immediately if authentication fails. In this case, spamc will pass the mail through unchecked. Failure to connect to an ident server, and response timeouts are considered authentication failures. This requires that Net::Ident be installed. Deprecated.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="ident-timeout-timeout"><b>--ident-timeout</b>=<i>timeout</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Wait at most <i>timeout</i> seconds for a response to ident queries. Ident query that takes longer that <i>timeout</i> seconds will fail, and mail will not be processed. Setting this to 0.0 or less results in no timeout, which is STRONGLY discouraged. The default is 5 seconds.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="A-host-...---allowed-ips-host"><b>-A</b> <i>host,...</i>, <b>--allowed-ips</b>=<i>host,...</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Specify a comma-separated list of authorized hosts or networks which can connect to this spamd instance. Each element of the list is either a single IP addresses, or a range of IP addresses in address/masklength CIDR notation, or ranges of IPv4 addresses by specifying 3 or less octets with a trailing dot. Hostnames are not supported, only IPv4 or IPv6 addresses. This option can be specified multiple times, or can take a list of addresses separated by commas. IPv6 addresses may be (but need not be) enclosed in square brackets for consistency with option <b>--listen</b>. Examples:</p>
+
+<p><b>-A 10.11.12.13</b> -- only allow connections from <code>10.11.12.13</code>.</p>
+
+<p><b>-A 10.11.12.13,10.11.12.14</b> -- only allow connections from <code>10.11.12.13</code> and <code>10.11.12.14</code>.</p>
+
+<p><b>-A 10.200.300.0/24</b> -- allow connections from any machine in the range <code>10.200.300.*</code>.</p>
+
+<p><b>-A 10.</b> -- allow connections from any machine in the range <code>10.*.*.*</code>.</p>
+
+<p><b>-A [2001:db8::]/32,192.0.2.0/24,::1,127.0.0.0/8</b> -- only accept connections from specified test networks and from localhost.</p>
+
+<p>In absence of the <b>-A</b> option, connections are only accepted from IP address 127.0.0.1 or ::1, i.e. from localhost on a loopback interface.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="D-area-...---debug-area"><b>-D</b> [<i>area,...</i>], <b>--debug</b> [<i>area,...</i>]</dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Produce debugging output. If no areas are listed, all debugging information is printed. Diagnostic output can also be enabled for each area individually; <i>area</i> is the area of the code to instrument. For example, to produce diagnostic output on bayes, learn, and dns, use:</p>
+
+<pre><code> spamassassin -D bayes,learn,dns</code></pre>
+
+<p>Higher priority informational messages that are suitable for logging in normal circumstances are available with an area of &quot;info&quot;.</p>
+
+<p>For more information about which areas (also known as channels) are available, please see the documentation at:</p>
+
+<pre><code> C&lt;http://wiki.apache.org/spamassassin/DebugChannels&gt;</code></pre>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="ipv4only---ipv4-only---ipv4"><b>-4</b>, <b>--ipv4only</b>, <b>--ipv4-only</b>, <b>--ipv4</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Use IPv4 where applicable, do not use IPv6. The option affects a set of listen sockets (see option <code>--listen</code>) and disables IPv6 for DNS tests.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="pod-6"><b>-6</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Use IPv6 where applicable, do not use IPv4. The option affects a set of listen sockets (see option <code>--listen</code>) and disables IPv4 for DNS tests. Installing a module IO::Socket::IP is recommended if spamd is expected to receive requests over IPv6.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="L---local"><b>-L</b>, <b>--local</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Perform only local tests on all mail. In other words, skip DNS and other network tests. Works the same as the <code>-L</code> flag to <code>spamassassin(1)</code>.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="P---paranoid"><b>-P</b>, <b>--paranoid</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Die on user errors (for the user passed from spamc) instead of falling back to user <i>nobody</i> and using the default configuration.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="m-number---max-children-number"><b>-m</b> <i>number</i> , <b>--max-children</b>=<i>number</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>This option specifies the maximum number of children to spawn. Spamd will spawn that number of children, then sleep in the background until a child dies, wherein it will go and spawn a new child.</p>
+
+<p>Incoming connections can still occur if all of the children are busy, however those connections will be queued waiting for a free child. The minimum value is <code>1</code>, the default value is <code>5</code>.</p>
+
+<p>Please note that there is a OS specific maximum of connections that can be queued (Try <code>perl -MSocket -e&#39;print SOMAXCONN&#39;</code> to find this maximum).</p>
+
+<p>Note that if you run too many servers for the amount of free RAM available, you run the danger of hurting performance by causing a high swap load as server processes are swapped in and out continually.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="min-children-number"><b>--min-children</b>=<i>number</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>The minimum number of children that will be kept running. The minimum value is <code>1</code>, the default value is <code>1</code>. If you have lots of free RAM, you may want to increase this.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="min-spare-number"><b>--min-spare</b>=<i>number</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>The lower limit for the number of spare children allowed to run. A spare, or idle, child is one that is not handling a scan request. If there are too few spare children available, a new server will be started every second or so. The default value is <code>1</code>.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="max-spare-number"><b>--max-spare</b>=<i>number</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>The upper limit for the number of spare children allowed to run. If there are too many spare children, one will be killed every second or so until the number of idle children is in the desired range. The default value is <code>2</code>.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="max-conn-per-child-number"><b>--max-conn-per-child</b>=<i>number</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>This option specifies the maximum number of connections each child should process before dying and letting the master spamd process spawn a new child. The minimum value is <code>1</code>, the default value is <code>200</code>.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="round-robin"><b>--round-robin</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>By default, <code>spamd</code> will attempt to keep a small number of &quot;hot&quot; child processes as busy as possible, and keep any others as idle as possible, using something similar to the Apache httpd server scaling algorithm. This is accomplished by the master process coordinating the activities of the children. This switch will disable this scaling algorithm, and the behaviour seen in the 3.0.x versions will be used instead, where all processes receive an equal load and no scaling takes place.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="timeout-tcp-number"><b>--timeout-tcp</b>=<i>number</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>This option specifies the number of seconds to wait for headers from a client (spamc) before closing the connection. The minimum value is <code>1</code>, the default value is <code>30</code>, and a value of <code>0</code> will disable socket timeouts completely.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="timeout-child-number"><b>--timeout-child</b>=<i>number</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>This option specifies the number of seconds to wait for a spamd child to process or check a message. The minimum value is <code>1</code>, the default value is <code>300</code>, and a value of <code>0</code> will disable child timeouts completely.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="H-directory---helper-home-dir-directory"><b>-H</b> <i>directory</i>, <b>--helper-home-dir</b>=<i>directory</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Specify that external programs such as Razor, DCC, and Pyzor should have a HOME environment variable set to a specific directory. The default is to use the HOME environment variable setting from the shell running spamd. By specifying no argument, spamd will use the spamc caller&#39;s home directory instead.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="ssl"><b>--ssl</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Accept only SSL connections on the associated port. The <b>IO::Socket::SSL</b> perl module must be installed.</p>
+
+<p>If the <b>--ssl</b> switch is used, and <b>--ssl-port</b> is not supplied, then <b>--port</b> port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of unencrypted connections. If the <b>--ssl</b> switch is used, and <b>--ssl-port</b> is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on the <b>--port</b>, at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted at <b>--ssl-port</b>.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="ssl-port-port"><b>--ssl-port</b>=<i>port</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Optionally specifies the port number for the server to listen on for SSL connections (default: whatever --port uses). See <b>--ssl</b> for more details.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="server-key-keyfile"><b>--server-key</b> <i>keyfile</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Specify the SSL key file to use for SSL connections.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="server-cert-certfile"><b>--server-cert</b> <i>certfile</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Specify the SSL certificate file to use for SSL connections.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="socketpath-pathname"><b>--socketpath</b> <i>pathname</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Listen on a UNIX domain socket at path <i>pathname</i>, in addition to sockets specified with a <code>--listen</code> option. This option is provided for compatibility with older versions of spamd. Starting with version 3.4.0 the <code>--listen</code> option can also take a UNIX domain socket as its value (an absolute path name). Unlike <code>--socketpath</code>, the <code>--listen</code> option may be specified multiple times if spamd needs to listen on multiple UNIX or INET or INET6 sockets.</p>
+
+<p>Warning: the Perl support on BSD platforms for UNIX domain sockets seems to have a bug regarding paths of over 100 bytes or so (SpamAssassin bug 4380). If you see a &#39;could not find newly-created UNIX socket&#39; error message, and the path appears truncated, this may be the cause. Try using a shorter path to the socket.</p>
+
+<p>By default, use of <b>--socketpath</b> without <b>--listen</b> will inhibit SSL connections and unencrypted TCP connections. To add other sockets, specify them with <b>--listen</b>, e.g. &#39;--listen=:&#39; or &#39;--listen=*:&#39;</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="socketowner-name"><b>--socketowner</b> <i>name</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Set UNIX domain socket to be owned by the user named <i>name</i>. Note that this requires that spamd be started as <code>root</code>, and if <code>-u</code> is used, that user should have write permissions to unlink the file later, for when the <code>spamd</code> server is killed.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="socketgroup-name"><b>--socketgroup</b> <i>name</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Set UNIX domain socket to be owned by the group named <i>name</i>. See <code>--socketowner</code> for notes on ownership and permissions.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="socketmode-mode"><b>--socketmode</b> <i>mode</i></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<p>Set UNIX domain socket to use the octal mode <i>mode</i>. Note that if <code>-u</code> is used, that user should have write permissions to unlink the file later, for when the <code>spamd</code> server is killed.</p>
+
+</dd>
+<dt id="timing"><b>--timing</b></dt>
+<dd>
+
+<pre><code> Enable timing measurements and output the information for logging. This
+ is the same information as provided by the TIMING tag.</code></pre>
+
+</dd>
+</dl>
+
+<h1 id="SEE-ALSO">SEE ALSO</h1>
+
+<p>spamc(1) spamassassin(1) Mail::SpamAssassin::Conf(3) Mail::SpamAssassin(3)</p>
+
+<h1 id="PREREQUISITES">PREREQUISITES</h1>
+
+<p><code>Mail::SpamAssassin</code></p>
+
+<h1 id="AUTHORS">AUTHORS</h1>
+
+<p>The SpamAssassin(tm) Project (https://spamassassin.apache.org/)</p>
+
+<h1 id="LICENSE">LICENSE</h1>
+
+<p>SpamAssassin is distributed under the Apache License, Version 2.0, as described in the file <code>LICENSE</code> included with the distribution.</p>
+
+
+</body>
+
+</html>
+
+

Added: spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamd.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamd.txt?rev=1871201&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamd.txt (added)
+++ spamassassin/site/full/3.4.x/doc/spamd.txt Wed Dec 11 22:18:49 2019
@@ -0,0 +1,581 @@
+NAME
+ spamd - daemonized version of spamassassin
+
+SYNOPSIS
+ spamd [options]
+
+ Options:
+
+ -l, --allow-tell Allow learning/reporting
+ -c, --create-prefs Create user preferences files
+ -C path, --configpath=path Path for default config files
+ --siteconfigpath=path Path for site configs
+ --cf='config line' Additional line of configuration
+ -d, --daemonize Daemonize
+ -h, --help Print usage message
+ -i [ip_or_name[:port]], --listen=[ip_or_name[:port]] Listen on IP addr and port
+ -p port, --port=port Listen on specified port, may be overridden by -i
+ -4, --ipv4-only, --ipv4 Use IPv4 where applicable, disables IPv6
+ -6 Use IPv6 where applicable, disables IPv4
+ -A host,..., --allowed-ips=..,.. Restrict to IP addresses which can connect
+ -m num, --max-children=num Allow maximum num children
+ --min-children=num Allow minimum num children
+ --min-spare=num Lower limit for number of spare children
+ --max-spare=num Upper limit for number of spare children
+ --max-conn-per-child=num Maximum connections accepted by child
+ before it is respawned
+ --round-robin Use traditional prefork algorithm
+ --timeout-tcp=secs Connection timeout for client headers
+ --timeout-child=secs Connection timeout for message checks
+ -q, --sql-config Enable SQL config (needs -x)
+ -Q, --setuid-with-sql Enable SQL config (needs -x,
+ enables use of -H)
+ --ldap-config Enable LDAP config (needs -x)
+ --setuid-with-ldap Enable LDAP config (needs -x,
+ enables use of -H)
+ --virtual-config-dir=dir Enable pattern based Virtual configs
+ (needs -x)
+ -r pidfile, --pidfile Write the process id to pidfile
+ -s facility, --syslog=facility Specify the syslog facility
+ --syslog-socket=type How to connect to syslogd
+ --log-timestamp-fmt=fmt strftime(3) format for timestamps, may be
+ empty to disable timestamps, or 'default'
+ -u username, --username=username Run as username
+ -g groupname, --groupname=groupname Run as groupname
+ -v, --vpopmail Enable vpopmail config
+ -x, --nouser-config Disable user config files
+ --auth-ident Use ident to identify spamc user (deprecated)
+ --ident-timeout=timeout Timeout for ident connections
+ -D, --debug[=areas] Print debugging messages (for areas)
+ -L, --local Use local tests only (no DNS)
+ -P, --paranoid Die upon user errors
+ -H [dir], --helper-home-dir[=dir] Specify a different HOME directory
+ --ssl Enable SSL on TCP connections
+ --ssl-port port Override --port setting for SSL connections
+ --server-key keyfile Specify an SSL keyfile
+ --server-cert certfile Specify an SSL certificate
+ --socketpath=path Listen on a given UNIX domain socket
+ --socketowner=name Set UNIX domain socket file's owner
+ --socketgroup=name Set UNIX domain socket file's group
+ --socketmode=mode Set UNIX domain socket file's mode
+ --timing Enable timing and logging
+ -V, --version Print version and exit
+
+ The --listen option (or -i) may be specified multiple times, its syntax
+ is: [ ssl: ] [ host-name-or-IP-address ] [ : port ] or an absolute path
+ (filename) of a Unix socket. If port is omitted it defaults to --port or
+ to 783. Option --ssl implies a prefix 'ssl:'. An IPv6 address should be
+ enclosed in square brackets, e.g. [::1]:783, an IPv4 address may be but
+ need not be enclosed in square brackets. An asterisk '*' in place of a
+ hostname implies an unspecified address, ('0.0.0.0' or '::'), i.e. it
+ binds to all interfaces. An empty option value implies '*'. A default is
+ '--listen localhost', which binds to a loopback interface only.
+
+DESCRIPTION
+ The purpose of this program is to provide a daemonized version of the
+ spamassassin executable. The goal is improving throughput performance
+ for automated mail checking.
+
+ This is intended to be used alongside "spamc", a fast, low-overhead C
+ client program.
+
+ See the README file in the "spamd" directory of the SpamAssassin
+ distribution for more details.
+
+ Note: Although "spamd" will check per-user config files for every
+ message, any changes to the system-wide config files will require either
+ restarting spamd or forcing it to reload itself via SIGHUP for the
+ changes to take effect.
+
+ Note: If "spamd" receives a SIGHUP, it internally reloads itself, which
+ means that it will change its pid and might not restart at all if its
+ environment changed (ie. if it can't change back into its own
+ directory). If you plan to use SIGHUP, you should always start "spamd"
+ with the -r switch to know its current pid.
+
+OPTIONS
+ Options of the long form can be shortened as long as they remain
+ unambiguous. (i.e. --dae can be used instead of --daemonize) Also,
+ boolean options (like --user-config) can be negated by adding *no*
+ (--nouser-config), however, this is usually unnecessary.
+
+ -l, --allow-tell
+ Allow learning and forgetting (to a local Bayes database), reporting
+ and revoking (to a remote database) by spamd. The client issues a
+ TELL command to tell what type of message is being processed and
+ whether local (learn/forget) or remote (report/revoke) databases
+ should be updated.
+
+ Note that spamd always trusts the username passed in (unless
+ --auth-ident is used) so clients could maliciously learn messages
+ for other users. (This is not usually a concern with an SQL Bayes
+ store as users will typically have read-write access directly to the
+ database, and can also use "sa-learn" with the -u option to achieve
+ the same result.)
+
+ -c, --create-prefs
+ Create user preferences files if they don't exist (default: don't).
+
+ -C *path*, --configpath=*path*
+ Use the specified path for locating the distributed configuration
+ files. Ignore the default directories (usually
+ "/usr/share/spamassassin" or similar).
+
+ --siteconfigpath=*path*
+ Use the specified path for locating site-specific configuration
+ files. Ignore the default directories (usually
+ "/etc/mail/spamassassin" or similar).
+
+ --cf='config line'
+ Add additional lines of configuration directly from the
+ command-line, parsed after the configuration files are read.
+ Multiple --cf arguments can be used, and each will be considered a
+ separate line of configuration.
+
+ -d, --daemonize
+ Detach from starting process and run in background (daemonize).
+
+ -h, --help
+ Print a brief help message, then exit without further action.
+
+ -V, --version
+ Print version information, then exit without further action.
+
+ -i [*ipaddress*[:<port>]], --listen[=*ipaddress*[:<port>]]
+ Additional alias names for this option are --listen-ip and
+ --ip-address. Tells spamd to listen on the specified IP address,
+ defaults to a loopback interface, i.e. "--listen localhost"). If no
+ value is specified after the switch, or if an asterisk '*' stands in
+ place of an <ipaddress>, spamd will listen on all interfaces - this
+ is equivalent to address '0.0.0.0' for IPv4 and to '::' for IPv6.
+ You can also use a valid hostname which will make spamd listen on
+ all addresses that a name resolves to. The option may be specified
+ multiple times. See also options -4 and -6 for restricting address
+ family to IPv4 or to IPv6. If a port is specified it overrides for
+ this socket the global --port (and --ssl-port) setting. An IPv6
+ addresses should be enclosed in square brackets, e.g. [::1]:783. For
+ compatibility square brackets on an IPv6 address may be omitted if a
+ port number specification is also omitted.
+
+ -p *port*, --port=*port*
+ Optionally specifies the port number for the server to listen on
+ (default: 783).
+
+ If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then
+ this port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of
+ unencrypted connections. If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port
+ is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on the --port
+ at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted at
+ --ssl-port.
+
+ -q, --sql-config
+ Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been
+ disabled with -x. this is useful for spamd hosts which don't have
+ user's home directories but do want to load user preferences from an
+ SQL database.
+
+ If your spamc client does not support sending the "User:" header,
+ like "exiscan", then the SQL username used will always be nobody.
+
+ This inhibits the setuid() behavior, so the "-u" option is required.
+ If you want the setuid() behaviour, use "-Q" or "--setuid-with-sql"
+ instead.
+
+ --ldap-config
+ Turn on LDAP lookups. This is completely analog to "--sql-config",
+ only it is using an LDAP server.
+
+ Like "--sql-config", this disables the setuid behavior, and requires
+ "-u". If you want it, use "--setuid-with-ldap" instead.
+
+ -Q, --setuid-with-sql
+ Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been
+ disabled with -x and also setuid to the user. This is useful for
+ spamd hosts which want to load user preferences from an SQL database
+ but also wish to support the use of -H (Helper home directories.)
+
+ --setuid-with-ldap
+ Turn on LDAP lookups even when per-user config files have been
+ disabled with -x and also setuid to the user. This is again
+ completely analog to "--setuid-with-sql", only it is using an LDAP
+ server.
+
+ --virtual-config-dir=*pattern*
+ This option specifies where per-user preferences can be found for
+ virtual users, for the -x switch. The *pattern* is used as a base
+ pattern for the directory name. Any of the following escapes can be
+ used:
+
+ %u -- replaced with the full name of the current user, as sent by
+ spamc.
+ %l -- replaced with the 'local part' of the current username. In
+ other words, if the username is an email address, this is the part
+ before the "@" sign.
+ %d -- replaced with the 'domain' of the current username. In other
+ words, if the username is an email address, this is the part after
+ the "@" sign.
+ %x -- replaced with the full name of the current user, as sent by
+ spamc. If the resulting config directory does not exist, replace
+ with the domain part to use a domain-wide default.
+ %% -- replaced with a single percent sign (%).
+
+ So for example, if "/vhome/users/%u/spamassassin" is specified, and
+ spamc sends a virtual username of "jm@example.com", the directory
+ "/vhome/users/jm@example.com/spamassassin" will be used.
+
+ The set of characters allowed in the virtual username for this path
+ are restricted to:
+
+ A-Z a-z 0-9 - + _ . , @ =
+
+ All others will be replaced by underscores ("_").
+
+ This path must be a writable directory. It will be created if it
+ does not already exist. If a file called user_prefs exists in this
+ directory (note: not in a ".spamassassin" subdirectory!), it will be
+ loaded as the user's preferences. The Bayes databases for that user
+ will be stored in this directory.
+
+ Note that this requires that -x is used, and cannot be combined with
+ SQL- or LDAP-based configuration.
+
+ The pattern must expand to an absolute directory when spamd is
+ running daemonized (-d).
+
+ Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits
+ setuid.
+
+ -r *pidfile*, --pidfile=*pidfile*
+ Write the process ID of the spamd parent to the file specified by
+ *pidfile*. The file will be unlinked when the parent exits. Note
+ that when running with the -u option, the file must be writable by
+ that user.
+
+ -v, --vpopmail
+ Enable vpopmail config. If specified with with -u set to the
+ vpopmail user, this allows spamd to lookup/create user_prefs in the
+ vpopmail user's own maildir. This option is useful for vpopmail
+ virtual users who do not have an entry in the system /etc/passwd
+ file.
+
+ Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits
+ setuid.
+
+ -s *facility*, --syslog=*facility*
+ Specify the syslog facility to use (default: mail). If "stderr" is
+ specified, output will be written to stderr. (This is useful if
+ you're running "spamd" under the "daemontools" package.) With a
+ *facility* of "file", all output goes to spamd.log. *facility* is
+ interpreted as a file name to log to if it contains any characters
+ except a-z and 0-9. "null" disables logging completely (used
+ internally).
+
+ Examples:
+
+ spamd -s mail # use syslog, facility mail (default)
+ spamd -s ./mail # log to file ./mail
+ spamd -s stderr 2>/dev/null # log to stderr, throw messages away
+ spamd -s null # the same as above
+ spamd -s file # log to file ./spamd.log
+ spamd -s /var/log/spamd.log # log to file /var/log/spamd.log
+
+ If logging to a file is enabled and that log file is rotated, the
+ spamd server must be restarted with a SIGHUP. (If the log file is
+ just truncated, this is not needed but still recommended.)
+
+ Note that logging to a file does not use locking, so you cannot
+ intermix logging from spamd and other processes into the same file.
+ If you want to mix logging like this, use syslog instead.
+
+ If you use syslog logging, it is essential to send a SIGHUP to the
+ spamd daemon when you restart the syslogd daemon. (This is due to a
+ shortcoming in Perl's syslog handling, where the disappearance of
+ the connection to the syslogd is considered a fatal error.)
+
+ --syslog-socket=*type*
+ Specify how spamd should send messages to syslogd. The *type* can be
+ any of the socket types or logging mechanisms as accepted by the
+ subroutine Sys::Syslog::setlogsock(). Depending on a version of
+ Sys::Syslog and on the underlying operating system, one of the
+ following values (or their subset) can be used: "native",
+ "eventlog", "tcp", "udp", "inet", "unix", "stream", "pipe", or
+ "console". The value "eventlog" is specific to Win32 events logger
+ and requires a perl module Win32::EventLog to be installed. For more
+ information please consult the Sys::Syslog documentation.
+
+ A historical setting --syslog-socket=none is mapped to
+ --syslog=stderr.
+
+ A default for Windows platforms is "none", otherwise the default is
+ to try "unix" first, falling back to "inet" if perl detects errors
+ in its "unix" support.
+
+ Some platforms, or versions of perl, are shipped with old or
+ dysfunctional versions of the Sys::Syslog module which do not
+ support some socket types, so you may need to set this option
+ explicitly. If you get error messages regarding __PATH_LOG or
+ similar spamd, try changing this setting.
+
+ The socket types "file" is used internally and should not be
+ specified. Use the "-s" switch instead.
+
+ --log-timestamp-fmt=*format*
+ The --log-timestamp-fmt option can provide a POSIX strftime(3)
+ format for timestamps included in each logged message. Each logger
+ (stderr, file, syslog) has its own default value for a timestamp
+ format, which applies when --log-timestamp-fmt option is not given,
+ or with --log-timestamp-fmt=default . Timestamps can be turned off
+ by specifying an empty string with this option, e.g.
+ --log-timestamp-fmt='' or just --log-timestamp-fmt= . Typical use:
+ --log-timestamp-fmt='%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Y' (provides localized
+ weekday and month names in the ctime(3) style), or '%a, %e %b %Y
+ %H:%M:%S %z (%Z)' for a RFC 2822 format, or maybe '%Y-%m-%d
+ %H:%M:%S%z' for an ISO 8601 (EN 28601) format, or just
+ '%Y%m%dT%H%M%S' .
+
+ -u *username*, --username=*username*
+ Run as the named user. If this option is not set, the default
+ behaviour is to setuid() to the user running "spamc", if "spamd" is
+ running as root.
+
+ Note: "--username=root" is not a valid option. If specified, "spamd"
+ will exit with a fatal error on startup.
+
+ -g *groupname*, --groupname=*groupname*
+ Run as the named group if --username is being used. If this option
+ is not set when --username is used then the primary group for the
+ user given to --username is used.
+
+ -x, --nouser-config, --user-config
+ Turn off (on) reading of per-user configuration files (user_prefs)
+ from the user's home directory. The default behaviour is to read
+ per-user configuration from the user's home directory
+ (--user-config).
+
+ This option does not disable or otherwise influence the SQL, LDAP or
+ Virtual Config Dir settings.
+
+ --auth-ident
+ Verify the username provided by spamc using ident. This is only
+ useful if connections are only allowed from trusted hosts (because
+ an identd that lies is trivial to create) and if spamc REALLY SHOULD
+ be running as the user it represents. Connections are terminated
+ immediately if authentication fails. In this case, spamc will pass
+ the mail through unchecked. Failure to connect to an ident server,
+ and response timeouts are considered authentication failures. This
+ requires that Net::Ident be installed. Deprecated.
+
+ --ident-timeout=*timeout*
+ Wait at most *timeout* seconds for a response to ident queries.
+ Ident query that takes longer that *timeout* seconds will fail, and
+ mail will not be processed. Setting this to 0.0 or less results in
+ no timeout, which is STRONGLY discouraged. The default is 5 seconds.
+
+ -A *host,...*, --allowed-ips=*host,...*
+ Specify a comma-separated list of authorized hosts or networks which
+ can connect to this spamd instance. Each element of the list is
+ either a single IP addresses, or a range of IP addresses in
+ address/masklength CIDR notation, or ranges of IPv4 addresses by
+ specifying 3 or less octets with a trailing dot. Hostnames are not
+ supported, only IPv4 or IPv6 addresses. This option can be specified
+ multiple times, or can take a list of addresses separated by commas.
+ IPv6 addresses may be (but need not be) enclosed in square brackets
+ for consistency with option --listen. Examples:
+
+ -A 10.11.12.13 -- only allow connections from 10.11.12.13.
+
+ -A 10.11.12.13,10.11.12.14 -- only allow connections from
+ 10.11.12.13 and 10.11.12.14.
+
+ -A 10.200.300.0/24 -- allow connections from any machine in the
+ range "10.200.300.*".
+
+ -A 10. -- allow connections from any machine in the range
+ "10.*.*.*".
+
+ -A [2001:db8::]/32,192.0.2.0/24,::1,127.0.0.0/8 -- only accept
+ connections from specified test networks and from localhost.
+
+ In absence of the -A option, connections are only accepted from IP
+ address 127.0.0.1 or ::1, i.e. from localhost on a loopback
+ interface.
+
+ -D [*area,...*], --debug [*area,...*]
+ Produce debugging output. If no areas are listed, all debugging
+ information is printed. Diagnostic output can also be enabled for
+ each area individually; *area* is the area of the code to
+ instrument. For example, to produce diagnostic output on bayes,
+ learn, and dns, use:
+
+ spamassassin -D bayes,learn,dns
+
+ Higher priority informational messages that are suitable for logging
+ in normal circumstances are available with an area of "info".
+
+ For more information about which areas (also known as channels) are
+ available, please see the documentation at:
+
+ C<http://wiki.apache.org/spamassassin/DebugChannels>
+
+ -4, --ipv4only, --ipv4-only, --ipv4
+ Use IPv4 where applicable, do not use IPv6. The option affects a set
+ of listen sockets (see option "--listen") and disables IPv6 for DNS
+ tests.
+
+ -6 Use IPv6 where applicable, do not use IPv4. The option affects a set
+ of listen sockets (see option "--listen") and disables IPv4 for DNS
+ tests. Installing a module IO::Socket::IP is recommended if spamd is
+ expected to receive requests over IPv6.
+
+ -L, --local
+ Perform only local tests on all mail. In other words, skip DNS and
+ other network tests. Works the same as the "-L" flag to
+ spamassassin(1).
+
+ -P, --paranoid
+ Die on user errors (for the user passed from spamc) instead of
+ falling back to user *nobody* and using the default configuration.
+
+ -m *number* , --max-children=*number*
+ This option specifies the maximum number of children to spawn. Spamd
+ will spawn that number of children, then sleep in the background
+ until a child dies, wherein it will go and spawn a new child.
+
+ Incoming connections can still occur if all of the children are
+ busy, however those connections will be queued waiting for a free
+ child. The minimum value is 1, the default value is 5.
+
+ Please note that there is a OS specific maximum of connections that
+ can be queued (Try "perl -MSocket -e'print SOMAXCONN'" to find this
+ maximum).
+
+ Note that if you run too many servers for the amount of free RAM
+ available, you run the danger of hurting performance by causing a
+ high swap load as server processes are swapped in and out
+ continually.
+
+ --min-children=*number*
+ The minimum number of children that will be kept running. The
+ minimum value is 1, the default value is 1. If you have lots of free
+ RAM, you may want to increase this.
+
+ --min-spare=*number*
+ The lower limit for the number of spare children allowed to run. A
+ spare, or idle, child is one that is not handling a scan request. If
+ there are too few spare children available, a new server will be
+ started every second or so. The default value is 1.
+
+ --max-spare=*number*
+ The upper limit for the number of spare children allowed to run. If
+ there are too many spare children, one will be killed every second
+ or so until the number of idle children is in the desired range. The
+ default value is 2.
+
+ --max-conn-per-child=*number*
+ This option specifies the maximum number of connections each child
+ should process before dying and letting the master spamd process
+ spawn a new child. The minimum value is 1, the default value is 200.
+
+ --round-robin
+ By default, "spamd" will attempt to keep a small number of "hot"
+ child processes as busy as possible, and keep any others as idle as
+ possible, using something similar to the Apache httpd server scaling
+ algorithm. This is accomplished by the master process coordinating
+ the activities of the children. This switch will disable this
+ scaling algorithm, and the behaviour seen in the 3.0.x versions will
+ be used instead, where all processes receive an equal load and no
+ scaling takes place.
+
+ --timeout-tcp=*number*
+ This option specifies the number of seconds to wait for headers from
+ a client (spamc) before closing the connection. The minimum value is
+ 1, the default value is 30, and a value of 0 will disable socket
+ timeouts completely.
+
+ --timeout-child=*number*
+ This option specifies the number of seconds to wait for a spamd
+ child to process or check a message. The minimum value is 1, the
+ default value is 300, and a value of 0 will disable child timeouts
+ completely.
+
+ -H *directory*, --helper-home-dir=*directory*
+ Specify that external programs such as Razor, DCC, and Pyzor should
+ have a HOME environment variable set to a specific directory. The
+ default is to use the HOME environment variable setting from the
+ shell running spamd. By specifying no argument, spamd will use the
+ spamc caller's home directory instead.
+
+ --ssl
+ Accept only SSL connections on the associated port. The
+ IO::Socket::SSL perl module must be installed.
+
+ If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then
+ --port port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of
+ unencrypted connections. If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port
+ is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on the --port,
+ at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted at
+ --ssl-port.
+
+ --ssl-port=*port*
+ Optionally specifies the port number for the server to listen on for
+ SSL connections (default: whatever --port uses). See --ssl for more
+ details.
+
+ --server-key *keyfile*
+ Specify the SSL key file to use for SSL connections.
+
+ --server-cert *certfile*
+ Specify the SSL certificate file to use for SSL connections.
+
+ --socketpath *pathname*
+ Listen on a UNIX domain socket at path *pathname*, in addition to
+ sockets specified with a "--listen" option. This option is provided
+ for compatibility with older versions of spamd. Starting with
+ version 3.4.0 the "--listen" option can also take a UNIX domain
+ socket as its value (an absolute path name). Unlike "--socketpath",
+ the "--listen" option may be specified multiple times if spamd needs
+ to listen on multiple UNIX or INET or INET6 sockets.
+
+ Warning: the Perl support on BSD platforms for UNIX domain sockets
+ seems to have a bug regarding paths of over 100 bytes or so
+ (SpamAssassin bug 4380). If you see a 'could not find newly-created
+ UNIX socket' error message, and the path appears truncated, this may
+ be the cause. Try using a shorter path to the socket.
+
+ By default, use of --socketpath without --listen will inhibit SSL
+ connections and unencrypted TCP connections. To add other sockets,
+ specify them with --listen, e.g. '--listen=:' or '--listen=*:'
+
+ --socketowner *name*
+ Set UNIX domain socket to be owned by the user named *name*. Note
+ that this requires that spamd be started as "root", and if "-u" is
+ used, that user should have write permissions to unlink the file
+ later, for when the "spamd" server is killed.
+
+ --socketgroup *name*
+ Set UNIX domain socket to be owned by the group named *name*. See
+ "--socketowner" for notes on ownership and permissions.
+
+ --socketmode *mode*
+ Set UNIX domain socket to use the octal mode *mode*. Note that if
+ "-u" is used, that user should have write permissions to unlink the
+ file later, for when the "spamd" server is killed.
+
+ --timing
+ Enable timing measurements and output the information for logging. This
+ is the same information as provided by the TIMING tag.
+
+SEE ALSO
+ spamc(1) spamassassin(1) Mail::SpamAssassin::Conf(3)
+ Mail::SpamAssassin(3)
+
+PREREQUISITES
+ "Mail::SpamAssassin"
+
+AUTHORS
+ The SpamAssassin(tm) Project (https://spamassassin.apache.org/)
+
+LICENSE
+ SpamAssassin is distributed under the Apache License, Version 2.0, as
+ described in the file "LICENSE" included with the distribution.
+