Mailing List Archive

Announce: OpenSSH 5.6 released
OpenSSH 5.6 has just been released. It will be available from the
mirrors listed at shortly.

OpenSSH is a 100% complete SSH protocol version 1.3, 1.5 and 2.0
implementation and includes sftp client and server support.

Once again, we would like to thank the OpenSSH community for their
continued support of the project, especially those who contributed
code or patches, reported bugs, tested snapshots or donated to the
project. More information on donations may be found at:

Changes since OpenSSH 5.5


* Added a ControlPersist option to ssh_config(5) that automatically
starts a background ssh(1) multiplex master when connecting. This
connection can stay alive indefinitely, or can be set to
automatically close after a user-specified duration of inactivity.

* Hostbased authentication may now use certificate host keys. CA keys
must be specified in a known_hosts file using the @cert-authority
marker as described in sshd(8).

* ssh-keygen(1) now supports signing certificate using a CA key that
has been stored in a PKCS#11 token.

* ssh(1) will now log the hostname and address that we connected to at
LogLevel=verbose after authentication is successful to mitigate
"phishing" attacks by servers with trusted keys that accept
authentication silently and automatically before presenting fake
password/passphrase prompts.

Note that, for such an attack to be successful, the user must have
disabled StrictHostKeyChecking (enabled by default) or an attacker
must have access to a trusted host key for the destination server.

* Expand %h to the hostname in ssh_config Hostname options. While this
sounds useless, it is actually handy for working with unqualified

Host *.*
Hostname %h
Host *

* Allow ssh-keygen(1) to import (-i) and export (-e) of PEM and PKCS#8
keys in addition to RFC4716 (SSH.COM) encodings via a new -m option

* sshd(8) will now queue debug messages for bad ownership or
permissions on the user's keyfiles encountered during authentication
and will send them after authentication has successfully completed.
These messages may be viewed in ssh(1) at LogLevel=debug or higher.

* ssh(1) connection multiplexing now supports remote forwarding with
dynamic port allocation and can report the allocated port back to
the user:

LPORT=`ssh -S muxsocket -R0:localhost:25 -O forward somehost`

* sshd(8) now supports indirection in matching of principal names
listed in certificates. By default, if a certificate has an
embedded principals list then the username on the server must match
one of the names in the list for it to be accepted for

sshd(8) now has a new AuthorizedPrincipalsFile option to specify a
file containing a list of names that may be accepted in place of the
username when authorizing a certificate trusted via the
sshd_config(5) TrustedCAKeys option. Similarly, authentication
using a CA trusted in ~/.ssh/authorized_keys now accepts a
principals="name1[,name2,...]" to specify a list of permitted names.

If either option is absent, the current behaviour of requiring the
username to appear in principals continues to apply. These options
are useful for role accounts, disjoint account namespaces and
"user@realm"-style naming policies in certificates.

* Additional sshd_config(5) options are now valid inside Match blocks:


* Revised the format of certificate keys. The new format, identified as
ssh-{dss,rsa} includes the following changes:

- Adding a serial number field. This may be specified by the CA at
the time of certificate signing.

- Moving the nonce field to the beginning of the certificate where
it can better protect against chosen-prefix attacks on the
signature hash (currently infeasible against the SHA1 hash used)

- Renaming the "constraints" field to "critical options"

- Addng a new non-critical "extensions" field. The "permit-*"
options are now extensions, rather than critical options to
permit non-OpenSSH implementation of this key format to degrade
gracefully when encountering keys with options they do not

The older format is still supported for authentication and may still
be used when signing certificates (use "ssh-keygen -t v00 ...").
The v00 format, introduced in OpenSSH 5.4, will be supported for at
least one year from this release, after which it will be deprecated
and removed.


* The PKCS#11 code now retries a lookup for a private key if there is
no matching key with CKA_SIGN attribute enabled; this fixes fixes
MuscleCard support (bz#1736)

* Unbreak strdelim() skipping past quoted strings (bz#1757). For
example, the following directive was not parsed correctly:

AllowUsers "blah blah" blah

* sftp(1): fix swapped args in upload_dir_internal(), breaking
recursive upload depth checks and causing verbose printing of
transfers to always be turned on (bz#1797)

* Fix a longstanding problem where if you suspend scp(1) at the
password/passphrase prompt the terminal mode is not restored.

* Fix a PKCS#11 crash on some smartcards by validating the length
returned for C_GetAttributValue (bz#1773)

* sftp(1): fix ls in working directories that contain globbing
characters in their pathnames (bz#1655)

* Print warning for missing home directory when ChrootDirectory=none

* sftp(1): fix a memory leak in do_realpath() error path (bz#1771)

* ssk-keygen(1): Standardise error messages when attempting to open
private key files to include "progname: filename: error reason"

* Replace verbose and overflow-prone Linebuf code with
read_keyfile_line() (bz#1565)

* Include the user name on "subsystem request for ..." log messages

* ssh(1) and sshd(8): remove hardcoded limit of 100 permitopen clauses
and port forwards per direction (bz#1327)

* sshd(8): ignore stderr output from subsystems to avoid hangs if a
subsystem or shell initialisation writes to stderr (bz#1750)

* Skip the initial check for access with an empty password when
PermitEmptyPasswords=no (bz#1638)

* sshd(8): fix logspam when key options (from="..." especially) deny
non-matching keys (bz#1765)

* ssh-keygen(1): display a more helpful error message when $HOME is
inaccessible while trying to create .ssh directory (bz#1740)

* ssh(1): fix hang when terminating a mux slave using ~. (bz#1758)

* ssh-keygen(1): refuse to generate keys longer than
OPENSSL_[RD]SA_MAX_MODULUS_BITS, since we would refuse to use
them anyway (bz#1516)

* Suppress spurious tty warning when using -O and stdin is not a tty

* Kill channel when pty allocation requests fail. Fixed stuck client
if the server refuses pty allocation (bz#1698)

Portable OpenSSH Bugfixes:

* sshd(8): increase the maximum username length for login recording
to 512 characters (bz#1579)

* Initialize the values to be returned from PAM to sane values in
case the PAM method doesn't write to them. (bz#1795)

* Let configure find OpenSSL libraries in a lib64 subdirectory.


- SHA1 (openssh-5.6.tar.gz) = fa5ac394b874d6709031306b6ac5c48399697f7f
- SHA1 (openssh-5.6p1.tar.gz) = 347dd39c91c3529f41dae63714d452fb95efea1e

Reporting Bugs:

- Please read
Security bugs should be reported directly to

OpenSSH is brought to you by Markus Friedl, Niels Provos, Theo de Raadt,
Kevin Steves, Damien Miller, Darren Tucker, Jason McIntyre, Tim Rice and
Ben Lindstrom.

openssh-unix-announce mailing list